HTML is the language that deals with the layout of websites. It tells what goes where and how it works. In the past at the birth of the internet and HTML, HTML also detailed the design or the look and feel of websites. However, this trait has become depreciated with the advent of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). Furthermore, with the advances of technology and programming your old five page website of pure information about a business is going the way of VHS with more and more companies–and customers as well–demanding highly interactive and informational websites. Most server-script languages support the use of HTML internally and many websites you may visit have the suffix “.asp” or “.php” for its respective server-script. That doesn’t mean you’ll never see the classic “.html” again any time soon. The demise of HTML is way off and even when it gets fully out-moded it will still remain present in modern server scripting languages in the sense that server script deals with information control but HTML will still be required as part of the information network.
HTML and other web related languages are governed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) which governs all such languages in the same manner the World Trade Organization governs international tariffs. There is a standard of code which all HTML documents must reference and adhere to and furthermore the web browsers themselves must abide by. If it weren’t for this level of organization, there would be chaos in internet technology. Further, it sets precedent and grapples with the ever changing web design market with the advent of technologies like CSS.
The W3C requires two parts to your HTML document, the doctype declaration and the primary structure. There are four HTML tags which comprise the primary HTML structure and must be present within your HTML document in addition to the doctype declaration. An HTML tag is any command which consists of a word enclosed in . The four primary tags are the HTML tag, which is the lettering HTML within two typed , the HEAD tag, typed , the TITLE tag, and the BODY tag all with appropriate closing tags. All html tags are started as and end as . They are called opening and closing tags respectively. You may recognize these from my main pages down the left side and my various links disguised as these tags. If you look back, that is the basic primary structure of a website.
You could think of all HTML tags as a sandwich. You have your first slice , some information, then your second slice of bread
. Furthermore, the overall structure of the website is similar. You have ,
. That may look something like the following in a real HTML document:
Welcome to My Website!