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Today’s information technology, including website structure, is very complex and needs to be accurately tested before the moment of release.

Website – a combination of web pages, united by a common theme and connected with each other via hypertext links. The websites may be constructed in 3 ways:

  • the physical files are permanently stored on the hard drive of the host, in the so-called root folder. This method is slightly out-of-date.
  • the site is created on the basis of website engine or CMS which is inherently a program. This method is the most popular at present time.
  • the easiest way is to use a website builder.

Being a client-server application, a website is tightly connected with the browser capabilities. The level of Internet connection, cookies, HTML/CSS pages, JavaScript, scripts – these are a small part of what should be considered before you begin testing.

That is why QA activity is so difficult, requiring a full test strategy, test plan, and other testing documentation. A tester should think about the expected loads, a response time of a web server, a target audience, the expected security level, what activities will be necessary for maintaining relevant content, and many-many others.

Also, a question about a test system and production system should be defined. Will software testing be executed on a production system? In some cases, a test system is required. Thus, many factors should be considered before moving directly to a test procedure.

Creating an efficient checklist is a good practice for any software tester. In the case of website testing, this step is essentially required. We should understand what kind of activities are going to be performed during a test process.

What Activities Should Be Conducted During Web Testing?

  1. Functional testing – the most important type of checking which includes checking all links (internal/external/broken/mal), testing forms (field validation, error messages, optional and mandatory fields), validating HTML/CSS, checking cookies, database testing;
  2. Interface testing – checking the correctness of the interaction between the application server and database server interface, as well as between application server and a web server interface.
  3. Usability testing – includes content checking for the logic and simplicity, navigation testing (buttons, links, boxes, logo, and so on), convenience of using a sitemap or search function;
  4. Security control – perform different manipulations with the registered user and unregistered user, check log files, do not forget to test captcha and SSL;
  5. Compatibility testing – this is also a very significant side of a website testing, it should check such aspects as mobile browsing, printing functions, compatibility with diverse operating systems and browser types and versions.
  6. Performance checking – this procedure helps to understand a website scalability and presupposes load and stress test execution.

Source by Helen Johnson