Today’s information technology, including website structure, is very complex and needs to be accurately tested before the moment of release.
Website – a combination of web pages, united by a common theme and connected with each other via hypertext links. The websites may be constructed in 3 ways:
- the physical files are permanently stored on the hard drive of the host, in the so-called root folder. This method is slightly out-of-date.
- the site is created on the basis of website engine or CMS which is inherently a program. This method is the most popular at present time.
- the easiest way is to use a website builder.
That is why QA activity is so difficult, requiring a full test strategy, test plan, and other testing documentation. A tester should think about the expected loads, a response time of a web server, a target audience, the expected security level, what activities will be necessary for maintaining relevant content, and many-many others.
Also, a question about a test system and production system should be defined. Will software testing be executed on a production system? In some cases, a test system is required. Thus, many factors should be considered before moving directly to a test procedure.
Creating an efficient checklist is a good practice for any software tester. In the case of website testing, this step is essentially required. We should understand what kind of activities are going to be performed during a test process.
What Activities Should Be Conducted During Web Testing?
- Functional testing – the most important type of checking which includes checking all links (internal/external/broken/mal), testing forms (field validation, error messages, optional and mandatory fields), validating HTML/CSS, checking cookies, database testing;
- Interface testing – checking the correctness of the interaction between the application server and database server interface, as well as between application server and a web server interface.
- Usability testing – includes content checking for the logic and simplicity, navigation testing (buttons, links, boxes, logo, and so on), convenience of using a sitemap or search function;
- Security control – perform different manipulations with the registered user and unregistered user, check log files, do not forget to test captcha and SSL;
- Compatibility testing – this is also a very significant side of a website testing, it should check such aspects as mobile browsing, printing functions, compatibility with diverse operating systems and browser types and versions.
- Performance checking – this procedure helps to understand a website scalability and presupposes load and stress test execution.